Prince George Health Clinics - Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease normally referred to as degenerative arthritis. This group of sicknesses comprises some mechanical irregularities which involve the degradation of joints; like the sub-chondral bone and articular cartilage. Indications of OA can normally consist of: locking, stiffness, tenderness, joint pain and at times an effusion.
There various reasons of Osteoarthritis. Like for example mechanical, metabolic, hereditary or developmental causes may start processes responsible to loss of cartilage. Bone may become exposed or damaged when bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage. This may lead to a lot of pain and less movement, ligaments may become more lax and regional muscles can atrophy.
There are different treatments existing which combine a combination of exercise, lifestyle modification and analgesics. Joint replacement surgery can be an alternative for people who find debilitating pain. OA is the most common kind of arthritis. It affects approximately 27 million people in the USA and around 8 million in the United Kingdom. Presently, it is the leading cause of chronic disability of the United States as well.
Signs and Symptoms
With Osteoarthritis, the main symptom is pain which might result in extreme stiffness and the loss of ability. The pain is normally described as a sensation of burning or by sharp aches in the muscles and tendons. Crepitus is the word for a crackling noise when the affected joint is moved or touched. People may even experience muscle spasm and contractions in the tendons. Sometimes, the joints may also be filled with fluid. Humidity and cold weather conditions increases the pain in numerous individuals. Bouchard's nodes and Heberden's nodes may likewise form in this disease.
The most commonly affected parts of this condition is the hands, spine, hips, feet, and knees. The affected joints will become more painful, stiff, and appear bigger once Osteoarthritis progresses. The affected joints could feel worse with prolonged or excessive use, yet normally feel better with gentle use. These characteristics distinguish rheumatoid arthritis from OA.
The condition referred to as Herberden's nodes, manifest as bony enlargements that occur within the smaller joints like within the fingers. Bouchard's nodes can likewise occur on the proximal interphalangeal joints. Although these nodes can considerably limit the movement of the fingers, they are not necessarily painful. When Osteoarthritis forms in the toes, the formation of bunions can occur, rendering them red and swollen.
OA is the most frequent cause of joint effusion, which is normally referred to as "water on the knee," in lay terms to describe an accumulation of excess fluid in or around the knee joint.
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